This page makes references to brands such as American Express, Costco, Discover, JCB, Mastercard, and Visa.
This page will summarize jargon that you may come across in the field of charge cards and credit cards in the United States.
If you have ever taken an academic course where the teacher or professor mandated some minimum length, you may have found it challenging to meet that requirement.
When creating a summary of charge card and credit card jargon, the challenge is just the opposite: how to keep this page as concise as possible while still communicating some minimum body of knowledge.
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To mitigate that, there are some navigation buttons below with which you can jump to sections within this page.
A charge or credit card may or may not have an annual fee.
If a charge or credit card has an annual fee, that fee may or may not be waived for the first year.
Depending on the value that a given card with an annual fee offers, that annual fee could be anywhere from a complete waste of your money to an incredible value.
A credit card's annual percentage rate refers to the interest that would be charged over the course of a year.
If you buy goods and services and you always pay your statement balance in full by your due date, then explaining how the annual percentage rate will impact you is easy.
You will not owe interest.
That is the explanation.
However, if you do any one or any combination of the following, then the explanation becomes more complicated:
Using a balance transfer is the act of paying one credit account with a credit card from a different issuer.
A given credit card may or may not not have the option to transfer the balance from another credit account to it.
If a credit card does give you the option of paying another credit account, the terms offered may or may not be favorable.
Even if a given credit card has a balance transfer option, you cannot pay one charge or credit account with another credit card if both accounts were issued by the same financial company.
Historically, there was a clear difference between charge cards and credit cards.
For a charge card, the entire balance was due at once whereas with a credit card, you could choose to pay your balance over time.
American Express has slowly been introducing pay over time type features to its charge cards such that the distinction between charge cards and credit cards is growing fuzzier.
The explanation of how statement periods work on the Credit > Credit Cards > Charge Card vs Credit Card> page will usually apply to store cards.
For store cards, you also need to be aware of deferred interest options.
A given store card may or may not have a deferred interest option.
With deferred interest, usually the interest will accrue but will only post to your account if you fail to meet some stated condition.
For example, you may need to at least make minimum payments, plus pay off the entire balance by a given date.
Regardless of whether your card has a deferred interest option or not, you still need to make at least the minimum payment.
If you fail to do either or both, then you would be billed for interest since the initial transaction.
This section applies to both charge cards and credit cards.
For the remainder of this Fees For Merchants section where I say credit cards please interpret that to include both charge cards and credit cards.
A given provider of goods or services may or may not accept credit cards.
If that provider of goods or services does accept credit cards, that business will be paid the total transaction minus a fee of approximately 3%.
The fee will be split among:
Mastercard and Visa were intentionally excluded from bullet three.
Mastercard and Visa are intermediaries between merchants that accept credit cards for payments and financial institutions that issue credit cards.
American Express and Discover both issue credit cards that run on their own payment network, and in some cases also license other companies also use their payment networks.
Whether on cards issued by American Express or on cards issued by other financial institutions to run on the American Express payment network, historically American Express charged a higher fee than Discover, Mastercard, and Visa.
That may no longer be the case, but because of that history even in the United States, American Express acceptance is not quite as good as Mastercard and Visa.
Outside the United States it is an even bigger issue.
There are all manner of gift cards, and there are serious problems with most of them.
Approach anything to do with gift cards with extreme caution.
A charge or credit card issued inside the United States will run on one of the following payment networks:
As with other financial decisions, please do your research before you apply for a given credit card.
In some cases, applying for a lower tier credit card than you intend to eventually have can be part of a deliberate strategy.
In the United States, the Card Act means that you cannot product change a personal charge card or personal credit card to a card with a higher annual in the first year of having that card account, even if you specifically request such a product change.
A new credit card may or may not come with a promotional interest rate offer.
The following 3 types of transactions could all potentially have different interest rates:
If your new card or existing card has a promotional interest rate, please make sure you understand the terms.
A promotional rate might for example apply only to purchases or only to balance transfers.
If you have no credit or damaged credit, it is possible that the only way for you to get a credit card in your name is with a secured credit card.
It is possible that that is the case, but not an outright certainty.
The bank or credit union that you ordinarily use may or may not be open to opening your first credit card as an unsecured card.
A given credit card may or may not offer a sign up bonus.
Sign up bonuses are offered by banks as incentives for consumers and businesses to open and use a given credit card account.
Charge card and credit card sign up bonuses are among the few things in life that seem too good to be true, but are in fact actually true.
The sign up bonus for a credit card will be dictated not by how profitable cardholders are estimated to be over the first year but rather over the course of the customers having the accounts.
The staff of the bank will presumably make their best guess as to the profitability of the accounts over time and conduct some kind of net present value analysis.
The present value of profitability of the accounts should dictate an upper bound as to high a sign up bonus a financial should offer.
While Silicon Valley Bank's problem does not appear to have been its credit card portfolio, Silicon Valley Bank did have an issue with the concepts of present value and net present value.
Present value and net present value are among the most very basic concepts in finance, but the management of Silicon Valley Bank appears to have missed whatever day or days they were covered.
What credit card is best for you?
Rather than say "You are preappoved!" for whichever credit product pays me the highest commission for those visitors that actually get approved, regardless of whether a given customer will actually be approved, determining the best credit card for you is something that you will need to decide.
To paraphrase Winston Churchill, this is not the beginning of the end, but rather the end of the summary of jargon.